Difference Between Antecedent and Precedent

What is Antecedent?

The word antecedent can be used as both an adjective and a noun. An antecedent is a term that refers to anything that comes before or precedes another. It speaks of preceding in time or order as an adjective. It is used in grammar to refer to a previous word, phrase, or clause that a pronoun refers to. Consider the following scenario.

Jane informed me that she was going to be late for class.

The antecedent in the above example is “jane.” Jane is addressed with the pronoun “she,” this emphasizes that the antecedent is what gives the pronoun its meaning. This does not, however, imply that the antecedent must appear before the pronoun. Even after the pronoun has been used, it might appear. In all cases. However, the antecedents determine the meaning of the pronoun.

What is Precedent?

Precedent is a noun that can also be used as an adjective. As a noun, it usually refers to a prior event that acts as a model. It relates to preceding in time, order, and priority when used as an adjective. The term precedent has a very precise meaning in law. It refers to a past case or legal judgment that may or must be followed in comparable instances in the future. For example:

Because similar incidents had occurred in the region in the previous six years, the attorneys decided to cite them as precedent in John’s case.

This explains the concept that precedent refers to a past event that can be utilized as guidance for future judgements.

Difference between Antecedent and Precedent

Although antecedent and precedent appear to be synonyms at first look since they both relate to a former occurrence or action, there is a subtle distinction between the two. However, this is not the case; the terms have distinct meanings. An antecedent, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is anything that existed before or preceded another. Precedent, on the other hand, is a previous occurrence or action that acts as a model or guidance. Let us attempt to comprehend it this way. A precedent is an activity that can be used as a guide for making judgements in the future about comparable situations. An antecedent, on the other hand, is simply anything that comes before action. The goal of this writing is to offer an overview of the words while stressing the distinction between antecedent and precedent.

Difference between Antecedent and Precedent in a chart format

Antecedent Precedent
When utilized as a noun, Antecedent means something that goes before something else, particularly the reason for the subsequent thing. While Precedent means a demonstration in the past that might be utilized as an illustration to assist with determining the result of comparative cases later on.
As an adjective, Antecedent means prior, either on schedule or all together While Precedent means occurring or occurring before schedule.
The noun to which a relative alludes; as in the sentence “Solomon was the sovereign who fabricated the sanctuary,” ruler is the precursor of who. As Noun a legal choice which fills in generally speaking for future judgments in comparative or Analogous cases; a power to be continued in courtrooms; types of continuing to be continued in comparable cases.
The first or contingent piece of a theoretical recommendation; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun should move. an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
The referent of an anaphor; an expression or provision that is alluded to by an anaphoric pronoun The statement is contained in the ‘if’ clause of a conditional proposition. Denoting or counting as an antecedent. A Precedent is a typical rule set up in a past genuine case that is either confining on or persuading without going to courts for a court or other board when picking coming about cases with relative issues or real factors. Standard law general arrangements of laws place fantastic worth on closing cases as demonstrated by consistent principled rules, so near real factors will yield practically identical and obvious outcomes, and acknowledgement of Precedent is the part by which that goal is refined.

Summary

To summarize, both words antecedent and precedent that relate to events or actions that occurred before.

  • While, an antecedent serves as a point of reference for events that occur before it, the purpose of precedent is far broader. It serves as a reference point for previous occurrences as well as a model or guide for future decisions. 
  • Even though the two terms, antecedent and precedent, can appear to be interchangeable to an individual, there is a distinction between them.

Though both words; antecedent and precedent speak of the prior acts or occasions, the precedent role is used as guidelines or models before making any future decision. Additionally, the antecedent serves as a straightforward referent. 

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Written by : de.
and updated on 2022, February 21

References :

[0]Carnie, Andrew. Syntax: A generative introduction. John Wiley & Sons, 2021.

[1]Radford, Andrew. English syntax: An introduction. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

[2]Adeleye, Gabriel. “World Dictionary of Foreign Expressions: A Resource for Readers and Writers. Wauconda, USA, Bolchazy.” (1999).

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Author: Luke Hanson